There are six classes of nutrients, namely: Carbohydrates, Proteins, Fats, Vitamins, Minerals, and finally Water. All that your body needs to grow and repair is acquired through a combination of these six nutrients. Food and water are our biggest source of energy, but a lot of food, while filling, is not rich in nutrients.
Also known as the fuel that our body functions on, carbohydrates are raw energy. We need them for the body to function normally. There are two types of Carbs:
Health and nutrition go hand in hand. When it comes to proteins, the simplest way of understanding them is that they are the building blocks of the human body. Muscles, hair, and skin are all dependent on protein to stay healthy.
Effects of Protein
The most important function of protein is to build muscle. When you go to the gym or exercise, your muscles are put under stress, and it is the reparation of the muscle that builds it stronger. To build muscle, our body uses protein. Hormonal activity in the body is also largely controlled by proteins.
Where to Get Protein?
Meat, Eggs, Fish, Whey, Lentils (Indian Daal), Milk, Soy products, Sprouts (Muung), and Soy products (Soyabean) are all excellent sources of protein.
How Much Protein to Eat?
The amount of protein you should be consuming is dependent on your age and how much physical activity you engage in daily.
Fat is an excellent source of energy. Compared to the 4 calories of carbohydrates, fats provide 9 calories per gram. Fat in the body is cushioning when you fall or get hurt and prevents damage to crucial organs, sort of like an airbag in a car.
Vitamins and minerals are the all-rounders of nutrients as they accomplish several different functions, depending on what vitamin or mineral it is. Fresh fruits and vegetables are the best source of vitamins and minerals. There are two types:
Water-Soluble Vitamins: These are vitamins that can be dissolved in water and are available in juicy things such as fruits and vegetables. Vitamins B, and C are the two main water-soluble vitamins.
Fat-Soluble Vitamins: These are vitamins that are delivered via fatty foods and oils. Vitamins A, D, and E are all fat-soluble vitamins. Milk is rich in both vitamins A and D.
If our body was a machine, water is the grease that makes all the parts move smoothly. It is the main carrier of nutrients throughout the body. 60% of a body’s mass is nothing but water and lean tissue (muscles and organs) is 70% water.
Obviously, water is crucial to living a healthy life and most people ignore its importance. Consuming fluids should be a habit and not a necessity. Most people drink water when they feel thirsty, when, instead,a steady intake of water and fluids is important to staying healthy longer. Water also retards the ageing process.
So, drink water more regularly and not just when you are thirsty!
A basic nutrition education is crucial to living a healthy lifestyle. Equipped with the nutritional knowledge and healthy eating facts you gathered here, you can plan a healthy meal plan as well as an exercise regimen. Running for beginners is a good start to your now- healthy lifestyle!